BILL ON SOVEREIGNTY OF THE MALISEET NATION

BILL ON SOVEREIGNTY OF THE MALISEET NATION

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GRAND COUNCIL OF THE MALISEET NATION

_________________________________________________________________
First session
_________________________________________________________________

BILL

ON

SOVEREIGNTY

MALISEET NATION
_________________________________________________________________

Written by Claude Aubin
_________________________________________________________________

1995
VIGER

PREAMBLE

DEAR CITIZEN OF THE MALISSET NATION ,

It is with conviction that we put before the population of the Maliseet Nation Viger in general meeting , a bill proclaiming the sovereignty of the Maliseet Nation throughout its ancestral territory , Pointe Lévis up Rimouski down along the Saint John River to the Atlantic Ocean.

We believe this legislation approved by the majority of citizens of the Maliseet Nation Viger is required and will be used to compensate for the position of the Quebec Nation to develop a country willing to take possession of the ancestral territory of the Maliseet Nation we have never given or sold to anyone.

The claim of the Quebec Nation 's own ancestral territory of the Maliseet Nation encroaches on our original jurisdiction and does not respect the territorial integrity of the territory of the Maliseet Nation and the Great Wabanaki Confederacy .

The Maliseet Nation already has a declaration of sovereignty and according to our old constitution of the millennium. Now it must be repeated in the contemporary term Maliseet people. Our original jurisdiction has always existed since time immemorial and we know who we are, what we were and what we want to be tomorrow. Our constitution reflects our values ​​and our culture. We formulated the laws of the Creator, there is about it for thousands of years . They respect people , nature, plants, air, water and animals.

For the first time in the Maliseet history, we have a choice to tell the tenants of our ancestral territory , they have no right to take it over to make their country. This is equivalent according to a principle of international law, a territorial encroachment and hope Quebecers will respect the overall integrity of the territories of the Aboriginal Nations.

You must participate in this democratic exercise of Maliseet history to affirm the identity and sovereignty and that of the ancestral territory of the Maliseet Nation.

You must express a critical point of view , support your social , cultural and political Maliseet future. You have a national obligation as Maliseet , to protect the sovereignty of your nation and your ancestral territory.

To overcome the bill on Quebec sovereignty , we propose very soon the population of the Maliseet Nation a referendum on the political future of the Maliseet Nation.

We propose to train our own people Maliseet Commission to hear what we have to say , and to help us make our project of self-government in accordance with our aspirations.

We propose that the Commission announces the time and place the outline of a consultation on our gouvernemetale autonomy to develop our government and political structure, the boundaries of our ancestral land , heritage protection , environmental management and social impact, Community and national structure , hunting fishing and trapping , beneficiaries, territorial and financial compensation, comprehensive claim sovereignty of the Maliseet Nation , a new agreement or treaty, constitution Maliseet justice system , the code of citizenship , Council of Elders , financial , cultural and economic institutions of the Maliseet Nation.

We hope in this time of reflection that the population of the Maliseet Nation reflect the impact that the sovereignty of the Maliseet Nation will for our own future and save , as citizens Maliseet , for our children and our grandchildren the national integrity of our ancestral land and application of all our social, economic, cultural, political and spiritual elements .

Be Maliseet is what publicly stand proudly before Quebecers , Canadians and other nations of the earth who want to deprive us of what is rightly ours , is to assert its national identity firmly and with conviction , c is expressing its will in accordance with our traditions , our customs and values, support and defend the sovereignty of the Maliseet Nation and the integrity of our ancestral Maliseet territory.

Claude Aubin

BILL ON THE SOVEREIGNTY OF THE MALISEET NATION

PREAMBLE

DECLARATION OF SOVEREIGNTY
THE NATION MALISEET

WE, THE CITIZENS OF THE NATION MALISEET , MEMBER OF THE GREAT Wabanaki Confederacy , POLITICAL STRUCTURE ONLY RECOGNIZED IN THE TERRITORY OF THE NATION MALISEET , ARE AND HAVE ALWAYS BEEN THE FIRST PEOPLE OF OUR ANCESTRAL TERRITORY MALISEET ON THIS EARTH WHICH been dubbed BY NEWCOMERS , CANADA, QUEBEC AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that we still occupy our ancestral territory , the tip of Lévis Rimouski down along the Saint John River to the Atlantic Ocean and we reiterate never have ceded our rights of occupation that were given to us by the Creator and have sold or transferred territory to any person or any other nation.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that we have always been consistent in the implementation of our diplomatic policy and we always re spected all the terms of our Covenants and Treaties , they were entered in the spirit of Unity of Nations of the Wabanaki Confederacy Great , Great Laurentian Confederation , or the French or the English.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that the French or English Crown has always acknowledged our sovereignty over our ancestral land from the beginning of our meetings, with great reluctance may be from them , but after formally, to occupy , survive and compromise our land.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that we have never been conquered by France on the contrary, we recognized the French , subject to compliance with our policies and laws in our great diplomatic coalition of Great Wabanaki Confederacy and the Laurentian Great Confederation and by the Great Peace of Montreal of 1701.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that we have never been conquered by Britan nic Crown , which is allied with us to protect its bases in North America, and has extended its relationship with participant and joining our Great Wabanaki Confederacy and our Laurentian Great Confederation for their own protection.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that we have witnessed the desire of the French or British Crown to acquire control of the fur trade and they had both agreed the basic conditions we asked when we concluded our Alliance , namely the re spect of our political and diplomatic laws and pay an annual occupation tax. They therefore agreed to have only their privileges we granted to occupy and use our ancestral territory aircraft.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation reiterate that our laws and policies aforesaid rules have been recognized by the French or British Crown , and that each was committed to repeatedly execute one hand , to the Maliseet nation . In our Great Con councils where our alliances that were created and signed and secondly , they ordered his representatives and his subjects to comply.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that the French Crown or Columbia has always regarded us as a nation and an ally, not as subjects. They recognized our jurisdiction and our complete sovereignty over all our citizens of our nation and throughout the extended our ancestral territory , not on reservations made ​​for our exclusive use .

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that the French or British Crown has ordered all their subjects to respect the integrity and our free possession of all our ancestral territory and it prevented maintain some lust whatsoever, by decreeing that none of his subjects or any corporation under its authority could not install, occupy or buy our land without the Maliseet Nation duly represented by its leaders and in consultation and with the approval of all its citizens , has given his consent to that effect to the French or British Crown under the internal and customary laws of the Maliseet Nation.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that the French or British Crown has always understood and accepted all our negotiations and our dealings with us should be only between our three Nations in a universal political context Nation to Nation.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that we helped the French Crown or Columbia to join the Great Wabanaki Confederacy and the Laurentian Great Confederation , to receive protection and prevent acts of aggression is brought against their subjects and they held strong on the promise to execute the terms of the diplomatic policy of the Maliseet Nation.

They were as occupancy taxes paid rental fees including those of the present , and we believed and still believe in your word .

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation reiterate that again, at the Conference held at Fort Sandix , in June 1775 , we agreed to fight alongside the Métis " Canayens " Quebecers and English against the American rebels and we reiterated this commitment at Great Tips Oswego and Montreal , the months of June and July 1775 .

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation reiterate that during the war between loyalist American independence , gathered up two warriors miles from Great Wabanaki Confederacy we participated in battles with the English crown.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation reiterate that in 1812 , when commercial blockade that you have made on the coasts of Europe , during the conflict between you Napoleon, and we in the directive Tecumtha our Grand General and Grand Sachem of the Laurentian Confederation fought alongside Métis " Canayens " Quebecers and we pushed the Americans tried to invade Canada by Chateauguay , because the Americans were dissatisfied with not being able to access commercial market.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that it is only when our support was no longer useful to your wars against the U.S. and your population grew , you started to forget your Alliance agreements and you start unlike our Nations when your population arrived on the soil of Turtle Island , our country, you have encroached on our jurisdiction and our sovereignty by occupying and illegally monopolizing the whole of our territory ancestral Maliseet .

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that we have always opposed that you collect us in reserves and we limit access to our entire ancestral land so that we can no longer continue to practice our traditional hunting , gathering and fishing related to our nomadic lifestyle , so that you can in your own words to evangelize us to civilize us and deprive us of our land.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate your policies or laws restrict access our Nation to exercise their rights of hunting, trapping and fishing throughout our ancestral land and we want to avoid conflicts in neighborhoods.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation reiterate our disappointment towards the lack of word of French or British Crown in the place of the Maliseet Nation and its lack of memory diplomatic laws they have to comply and that they should submit to enjoy privileges on all of our ancestral Maliseet territory , and enjoy using our population provided your subjects to survive.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that we have always complied with the terms of our Alliances concluded and we have reason to believe that the French or British Crown exploited our good faith.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that we always oppose what you do some encroachments on our traditional territory and on several occasions , you even used force to occupy and confine us in reserves and also you even spend your own laws to illegally remove us some land that has been reserved for our exclusive use and you as Canadian , supported your agents of Indian Affairs to deal in sales of land illegally and without approval of all citizens of the Maliseet Nation.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation reiterate that even your committees agreed that the French or British Crown has not complied with its agreements and its occupation of our land was illegal.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate your first commission, duly authorized by the United Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, which you submitted two reports , one in 1837 and one in 1839 and accused you of not respecting your understandings with respect to the dispossession of our lands and recommended that all nations and dispossessed are duly compensated. Your second and third commission from 1845 and 1847 , while acknowledging he had not considered and consulted the official correspondence relating to Indian Affairs exchanged before 1827 , stated that your subjects and your governments have made ​​many encroachments on our land.

In addition, Commissioners, in their report of 1847 , confirm that the policy of England has never denied our sovereignty over our lands and our exclusive right to occupy .

The commission recognizes more than the Maliseet Nation , as our brothers of Nations of the Laurentian Great Confederation , often submitted claims to the Government , in which they challenged the encroachments on their land.
The Committee also denounced the numerous encroachments made ​​on our land by logging companies , which have destroyed our game, and the " white " according to the expression of this same committee, who took possession of land without being authorized by the Government .

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , reiterate that we were illegally dispossessed of our ancestral territory and our 4000 acre reserve Viger , our ancestral territory , but due to the fact that there has been a failure by Commissioners to study historical data prior to 1827 and that this dispossession of our land is not just limited to those who have been to our exclusive arrangement with stops in Council but include all of the entire territory ancestral Maliseet which will be a comprehensive claim and according to the delimitation of the enclosed map on the following page . ( map )

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation 's recall and reaffirm what we believe necessary for the French or British Crown and the leaders of his Dominion of Canada, that we do not forget our diplomatic commitments of our Alliances between sovereign nations , our responsibilities and our obligations that have always been the basis of our relations.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation reiterate that our Nation has always been recognized by other Aboriginal people of our country and those of the French or British Crown , and that our nation has never been conquered Nations , we have never waived our sovereignty and we have never ceded our rights or our territory or resources.

Therefore :

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , declare the names of all our ancestors and all their descendants without exception, and especially for the 7th generation to come and that of each subsequent 7th generation , which rightfully belongs to our nation and all its citizens without exeption .

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , declare that our nation is sovereign over all of its ancestral territory , and it is composed of people who share common feelings, united through a common history, culture and language that is unique to our policy and spiritual values ​​system.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , also declare that our nation can not be subjected to any other nation because all the nations of the world have a distinct population with its values ​​and historical experiences.
The Maliseet Nation has a history of alliances and treaties , and through respect for what we have always maintained the laws of the Creator through our original jurisdiction and according to our customs . We have always maintained peaceful and reasonable relations with our neighbors English or French now known Canadians and Quebecers.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , declare that despite our small number of citizens , we wish to avail ourselves of our ancestral law, we manage ourselves according to our laws and customs, we are entitled to continue to have full enjoyment and occupation of all our ancestral land, and we still have the right to control , manage and exploit all the resources on our traditional territory.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , declare that we can reach a possible agreement on ancestral land that is still ours, but able to accommodate you. We firmly believe that as a separate sovereign nation and that you comply with the terms of our alliances and even today as in the past thought , we will not accept the extinction of our jurisdiction and our aboriginal rights, our national sovereignty or Maliseet are becoming an essential condition for the conclusion of an agreement between the Maliseet Nation and the Government of Canada and Quebec.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , declare that the United Nations Charter is the basis of the laws that govern the relationship and the basis of our negotiations between our three Nations and make it an integral part of any regulation, compliance with the laws of the Creator are our basic principles and provide guidance to our original jurisdiction, our inherent rights , our responsibilities and our common bonds.

We, the citizens of the Maliseet Nation , declare that recognize the Creator's laws are the supreme laws of the Maliseet Nation and only the Creator handed us our jurisdiction , our inherent rights and they are not negotiable with anyone or with any other nation.

THE COUNCIL OF THE NATION TO MALISEET VIGER ENACTS AS FOLLOWS :

SOVEREIGNTY

1 . The Maliseet Nation is a sovereign nation that occupies an ancestral territory , which is an integral part of the sovereign territory of Great Wabanaki Confederacy since time immemorial .

ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION .

2 . The Council of the Maliseet Nation Viger is authorized to enter into an agreement embodying the maintenance of an economic association with Canada and Quebec with the Government of Canada and Quebec.

CONSTITUTION

3 . The Council of the Maliseet Nation Viger has in the manner prescribed by the Creator and the Grand Council of the Wabanaki Confederacy , a constitution for the Maliseet and Maliseet .

This constitution included a Charter of Rights and Freedoms . It guarantees the francophone and anglophone community established on its territory , the preservation of their identity and their institutions. It also recognizes the Nation Quebec and Canadian law to govern the ancestral Maliseet territory provided that this warranty and this recognition is carried out with respect for the integrity of ancestral Maliseet territory and they have fulfilled their annual fees of territorial occupation.

The Maliseet Constitution provides for the decentralization of specific powers to tribal and proper exercises for their fiscal and financial resources instances .

TERRITORY

4 . The Maliseet Nation occupies an ancestral territory and has borders that are hers in the Wabanaki Confederacy since time immemorial . It has jurisdiction over maritime areas and laws to his ribs in the manner and under the conditions laid down by the rules of international law has left the ancestral territories of the Mi'kmaq Nation to the west, the Abenaki Nation west , Montagnais nation to the north. The territory of the Maliseet Nation is from Point Levi to Rimouski and along the Saint John River to the Atlantic Ocean.

CITIZENSHIP

5 . Is a citizen or citizen Maliseet , those who subscribe to the code of citizenship of the Maliseet Nation Viger , regardless of their residence on Ile de la Tortue .

Citizenship Maliseet can be combined with American citizenship , Québec or of another country.

CURRENCY

6 . The currency that is legal tender on the territory remains Maliseet Canadian dollars , U.S. dollars and pesos of South America.

TREATY

7 . The Maliseet Nation assumes the obligations and enjoy the rights contained in treaties to which Canada and Quebec are part and in international conventions to which Canada and Quebec have adhered to the Maliseet Nation , the Wabanaki Confederacy , Great Laurentian Confederation and the Canadian constitution, in accordance with the rules of international law .

INTERNATIONAL ALLIANCES

8 . The Council of the Maliseet Nation is authorized by its citizens to seek admission of the Maliseet Nation within the United Nations Organisation and other international bodies.

9 . The Maliseet Nation Viger members of the Wabanaki Confederacy , Laurentian Great Confederation and the Assembly of First Nations.

THE LAWS OF THE NATION MALISEET

10 . Customary laws and amended or repealed by the population of the Maliseet Nation laws apply on the ancestral lands and communities of the Maliseet Nation.

11 . Pensions and supplement payable for the elderly continue to be paid by the government of Quebec and Canada using the same rates and conditions. Licenses permits and licenses will be issued by the Maliseet Nation.

12 . Courts of civil or criminal jurisdiction will be exercised by judges and the laws Maliseet , and according to his customary justice system .

13 . The statutory financial obligations arising from treaties and agreements annual occupancy ancestral territory Maliseet taxes continue to be paid by the Government of Quebec and Canada.

ENTRY INTO FORCE

This Act been in force since time immemorial. New statements of this law should be reiterated and supported primarily by the Maliseet people.
They come into force if a majority of the votes cast by the electors of the Maliseet Nation in a referendum held in accordance according to the constitution of the Maliseet Nation voted in favor of the following question:

"Are you in favor of the law declaring the sovereignty of the Maliseet Nation over the whole of its ancestral territory YES OR NO .
Claude Aubin
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